How Do They Make Vodka

How Do They Make Vodka

Ever wondered how that crystal-clear liquid ends up in your cocktail glass giving you a taste of pure satisfaction? Vodka, one of the world's most popular distilled spirits, has a fascinating production process that transforms simple ingredients into the smooth, versatile drink we know and love. In this guide by Vodka Doctors, we'll delve into the captivating world of vodka-making, taking you through each step of the process and unraveling the mystery behind this incredible spirit.

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1. Raw Materials and Fermentation

The process of making vodka starts with the selection of raw materials. Vodka can be made from various sources of fermentable sugars such as grains, potatoes, fruits, or even sugar beets. Here are some common choices:

  • Grains: wheat, rye, barley, corn
  • Potatoes: high starch content desirable for vodka production
  • Fruits: grapes, apples, even berries in some cases
  • Sugar beets: less common but used in some regions

Preparing the Raw Material

Regardless of the chosen base ingredient, it needs to be prepared by breaking down the starch content into fermentable sugars. For grains, this involves milling and mashing, whereas potatoes are cooked to break down their starches. Fruit-based vodkas require the juice to be extracted, while sugar beets are sliced, cooked, and pressed.


Once the base ingredient is prepared, it is mixed with water and enzymes or malted grains to convert the starches into sugars. Yeast is then added to the mixture, known as the "mash," to kick off fermentation. The yeast feeds on the sugars, producing alcohol and carbon dioxide as by-products. This usually takes several days, resulting in a liquid known as the "wash" with an alcohol content around 8-10%.

2. Distillation

After fermentation, the wash is heated in a still to separate alcohol from the water, impurities, and other compounds. Distillation works because alcohol has a lower boiling point than water, allowing it to vaporize and be collected separately.

Column Stills vs. Pot Stills

There are two main types of stills used in vodka production:

  • Column Stills: These tall, column-shaped stills are popular for vodka production due to their ability to produce high-purity alcohol (up to 95%) in a single distillation. Vaporized alcohol travels up column sections filled with small plates or packing to separate impurities and concentrate the spirit. This method is commonly known as continuous distillation.
  • Pot Stills: Traditional pot stills are less common in vodka production, as they require multiple distillations to achieve the desired alcohol purity. Despite this, some boutique vodka producers favor this method for the unique flavors it can impart on the final product.

3. Filtration

Filtration is the process of purifying the distilled spirit by removing any remaining impurities or unwanted compounds. Various methods can be used, such as activated charcoal, limestone, or even silver and gold filters. Filtration not only contributes to overall taste and clarity but can also lend a smoother finish to the vodka by removing harsher compounds.

4. Dilution and Bottling

After filtration, the vodka is diluted with water to achieve its desired alcohol content, usually around 40% ABV (alcohol by volume). It’s important to use high-quality water during this stage, as it can significantly impact the final product's taste and overall quality.

Once the vodka is diluted, it is typically bottled, sealed, and shipped to retailers, bars, and consumers worldwide.

How Do They Make Vodka Example:

A renowned vodka-producing brand, such as Grey Goose, begins with high-quality French wheat as its base ingredient. The wheat is milled and mashed, mixed with water and enzymes to convert the starches into fermentable sugars. After adding yeast, the fermentation process begins, and the resulting wash is distilled in high-quality column stills to achieve a premium quality spirit.

Next, the vodka is filtered through activated charcoal, then carefully diluted with pure spring water before being bottled and distributed to consumers who value the exceptional taste and refinement that comes from meticulous craftsmanship and attention to detail throughout the entire vodka-making process.

Now that you've taken a journey through the fascinating world of vodka production, you'll no doubt have a greater appreciation for the spirit next time you sip on a smooth vodka martini or mix up your favorite cocktail. We hope you've enjoyed exploring this captivating process with us, and encourage you to share this article with fellow vodka enthusiasts. Don't forget to check out our other guides and resources on Vodka Doctors for more intriguing insights into the realm of vodka! Cheers!

Ferdynand Scheuerman

Ferdynand is Vodka importer, exporter and specialist with over 30 years of experience in the Vodka industry. He knows the subtle in's & out's of Vodka. Spending most of his time discovering new brands, new blends and new cocktails.


About Ferdynand Scheuerman

Ferdynand is Vodka importer, exporter and specialist with over 30 years of experience in the Vodka industry. He knows the subtle in's & out's of Vodka. Spending most of his time discovering new brands, new blends and new cocktails.

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